Updated: Aug 23, 2021
Arabic belongs to the family of Semitic languages, a branch of the Afroasiatic languages that originated in the arab peninisula This family of languages includes Amharic (Ethiopia), Tigrinya (Eritrea), Hebrew (Israel), and Tigre (Eritrea and Sudan) among others. Over the span of time Arabic evolved and borrowed words from Aramaic, Hellenistic Greek, Hebrew and Persian.
Arabic is a cursive writing system with no form of printed letters. In addition, there are no capital letters, letters change form depending on their position at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a word.
The Arabic writing system is actually a form of “abjad " not an alphabet. It uses characters to represent all consonant and vowel sounds in a language. In an abjad some or all of the vowel sounds are not represented by characters. As a result, readers must learn the proper pronunciation of words including the unwritten vowel sounds by way of context and memorization.
Many versions of Arabic currently exist. Classical Arabic originated in the sixth century and is the language of the Quran, the sacred book of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic is derived from Classical Arabic and is commonly used for formal purposes, in official and academic documents, as well as most newspapers and books. Colloquial Arabic is the spoken form of the language, which includes significant variations from country to country, and even from one community to the next. Some variations of spoken Arabic are so unique that they can be mostly unintelligible to other Arabic speakers!
So when learning more about Arabic - be careful for you have entered one of the most and rich subjects with only rewards